Iran and Russia’s gold-backed stablecoin | A new solution to evade the impact of trade sanctions and boost cross-border trade

2 min read

To bypass the trade restrictions imposed on them, Iran and Russia have created a gold-backed cryptocurrency – aptly named stablecoin. This digital asset is designed for cross-border transactions in place of traditional fiat currencies such as USD, RUB, and Rial; it can also be used as a payment method in international trades. The Iranian central bank has partnered with the Russian government to develop this coin that will run within Astrakhan’s special economic zone, where they are now accepting Iranian cargo shipments. As this new form of currency begins its journey into global acceptance, we may soon see more countries joining forces against sanctions through similar efforts!


  • As per a recent report, Iran and Russia have begun working on gold-backed stablecoins.
  • The stablecoin aims to replace fiat currencies such as the U.S. Dollar, Russian Ruble, and Iranian Rial in cross-border transactions.

As per a recent report by Russia’s news agency Vedomosti, the Iranian central bank has begun collaborating with the Russian government to launch a new cryptocurrency backed by gold. Iran is working with Russia to develop a Persian Gulf region token that will be used as a payment method in international trade.

Alexander Brazhnikov, executive director of the Russian Association of Crypto Industry and Blockchain (RACIB), says that the token will be issued as a stablecoin backed by gold.

The stablecoin aims to replace fiat currencies such as the US Dollar, Russian Ruble, and Iranian Rial in cross-border transactions. The proposed cryptocurrency would operate in the Astrakhan special economic zone, where Russia has begun to accept Iranian cargo shipments.

Russian lawmaker Anton Tkachev, a member of the Committee on Information Policy, Information Technology, and Communications, emphasized that a joint stablecoin project would be possible only after Russia’s digital asset market was fully regulated. After several delays, Russia’s lower house of parliament has promised to begin regulating cryptocurrency transactions in 2023.

Creating crypto assets to evade trade sanctions

Iran and Russia are among the countries that prohibited their citizens from using cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin (BTC) and stablecoins such as Tether (USDT) to make payments. Simultaneously, both Iran and Russia have been actively working to adopt cryptocurrency as a tool for foreign trade.

The Industry, Mines, and Trade Ministry in Iran permitted the use of cryptocurrency for imports into the country in August 2022, despite ongoing international trade sanctions.

As per the local government, the new measures would assist Iran in mitigating global trade sanctions. The same month, Iran placed its first international import order worth $10 million in cryptocurrency.

In September 2022, the Russian central bank, traditionally opposed to the use of cryptocurrency as a method of payment, agreed to allow cryptocurrency in foreign trade as a result of sanctions imposed on it in the aftermath of the Ukraine conflict. However, the regulator has never specified which cryptocurrency would be used for such transactions.


The latest joint venture between Iran and Russia signals a burgeoning curiosity with stablecoins in the international arena. By launching their gold-backed digital currency, these countries can conduct business without having to bear the brunt of economic sanctions from other nations or global organizations. This innovative stablecoin offers an attractive alternative that could revolutionize worldwide trade practices for years to come. Utilizing gold as a backing asset for the stablecoin showcases the scope of what precious metals can provide in cryptocurrency markets and illustrates how these coins could be utilized within specific economic zones. This is just one example of how powerful and versatile they are; it proves that stablecoins have the potential to function exclusively in different geographical regions.

For this project to be successful, Russia’s digital asset market must have comprehensive regulation. Therefore, lawmakers and regulators must recognize the need to regulate cryptocurrency and stablecoin projects to enable broader adoption.

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